May is National Osteoporosis Awareness Month. Osteoporosis is a disease where the bones are weakening which causes fractures.
The signs and symptoms are back pain caused by fracture or collapsed vertebra, loss of height over time, a stoop posture, a bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected.
Risk factors are if you are a women, age( older people), family history, body frame size, low sex hormones, thyroid problems, low calcium diet, eating disorders, gastrointestinal surgery, certain medications, sedentary lifestyle (sitting down a lot), excessive alcohol consumption, and tobacco use.
Treatments are Alendronate, Risedronate, Ibandronate, Zoledronic acid, Hormone-related therapy, Denosumab and Teriparatide. Prevention is getting an adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D (vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium) and regular exercise.
Submitted by Virtual Newsroom