Lung cancer dangers

Lung Cancer is a group of cells which grow abnormally in one or both lung(s). Leading cause of death in both males and females in the US. Claims more lives each year than colon, prostate, ovarian and breast cancers combined. There are two types of lung cancer – small cell lung cancer (usually just on lung) and Non small cell lung cancer – squamous, cell carcinoma, adenocarcinomam, large cell carcinoma. There are no early signs and symptoms. They appear later – a cough that doesn’t go away, chronic cough or smokers cough, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, chest pain, wheezing, hoarseness, losing weight without even trying, bone pain, and headaches. Causes of Lung Cancer are smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke, exposure to asbestos, and other carcinogens, and family history. The stages are Stage 1 – tumor is less than 2 inches wide (50% survival rate), Stage 2 tumor is more than 2 inches and has spread (30% survival rate), Stage 3 tumor may have spread to other organs and has grown (15% survival), and Stage 4 cancer has spread beyond lungs (less than 2% survival rate). Treatments are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted drugs are Afatinib, Bevacizumab, Ceritinibib, Erlotinib, Nivolumab, and Ramucirumab. Prevention is don’t smoke, quit smoking, avoid secondhand smoke, test home for radon, avoid carcinogens at work, eat a diet full of fruits and vegetables, and exercise most days of the week.

Chantel Ward

Williamsport

Submitted by Virtual Newsroom

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