Lung cancer awareness

November is National Lung Cancer Awareness Month. Lung Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in the lung. There are two types of lung cancer: Non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Causes are smoking, being exposed to second hand smoke, radon gas, asbestos, and carcinogens, and family history. Symptoms are coughing loudly, coughing up blood, wheezing, chest, shoulder and back pain (doesn’t go away), shortness of breath, hoarseness, swelling in neck and face, difficulty swallowing, weight loss (without trying), loss of appetite, increase fatigue and weakness, and recurring respiratory infection. Survival rates are Stage 0 is 70-80%, Stage 1 is 50%, Stage 2 is 30%, Stage 3 is 15%, and Stage 4 is less than 2%. The treatments are surgery to remove part or all of lung, chemotherapy, radiation, targeted drug therapy, clinical trials, and palliative care. Preventions are don’t smoke, quit smoking, avoid secondhand smoke, test home for radon gas, avoid carcinogens at work, eat a diet full of fruits and vegetables, and exercise most days of the week.

Chantel Ward

Williamsport

Submitted by Virtual Newsroom

COMMENTS