The state Game Commission has repeated its warning to outdoor enthusiasts taking advantage of spring weather - leave wildlife alone and in the wild, especially young creatures.
In the coming days and weeks, people might find young deer, rabbits, birds, raccoons or other wildlife, some of which might appear to be abandoned, said Calvin W. DuBrock, who directs the state Game Commission's Bureau of Wildlife Management.
"Rest assured that, in most cases, the young animal is not an orphan or abandoned and the best thing you can do is to leave it alone," he said.
Adult animals often leave their young alone while they forage for food. Wildlife often relies on a natural defensive tactic called the "hider strategy," where young animals will remain motionless and "hide" in surrounding cover while adults draw the attention of potential predators or other intruders away from their young.
"While it may appear as if the adults are abandoning their young, in reality, this is just the animal using its natural instincts to protect its young," DuBrock said.
"Wild animals are not meant to be pets, and we must all resist our well-meaning and well-intentioned urge to want to care for wildlife. Wildlife also may carry parasites - such as fleas, ticks or lice - that you wouldn't want infesting you, your family, your home or your pets."
DuBrock said that, each year, people ignore this advice and take wildlife into their homes. Then, they are urged to undergo treatment for possible exposure to various wildlife-borne diseases, such as rabies.
In addition to protecting public health, Game Commission Bureau of Wildlife Protection Director Rich Palmer said that the agency also is concerned with wildlife implications from humans handling wildlife.
"Habituating wildlife to humans is a serious concern, because if wildlife loses its natural fear of humans it can pose a public safety risk," Palmer said. "For example, a few years ago, a yearling, six-point buck attacked and severely injured two people. Our investigation revealed that a neighboring family had illegally taken the deer into their home and fed it as a fawn. This family continued to feed the deer right up until the time of the attack.
"This particular incident was the subject of numerous news stories around the state, and serves as a fitting example of the possible consequences that can stem from feeding or simply getting too close to wildlife."
In addition, Palmer noted that it is illegal to take or possess wildlife from the wild. Under state law, the penalty for such a violation is a fine of up to $1,500 per animal.
"Under no circumstances will anyone who illegally takes wildlife into captivity be allowed to keep that animal," Palmer said. "While residents love to view wildlife and are very compassionate, they must enjoy wildlife from a distance and allow nature to run its course."
Palmer also pointed out that, under a working agreement with state health officials, any "high risk" rabies vector species confiscated after human contact must be euthanized and tested; it cannot be returned to the wild. Though any mammal may carry rabies, species identified in the agreement are: skunks, raccoons, foxes, bats, coyotes and groundhogs.
"Except for some species of bats, populations of all other rabies vector species are thriving," Palmer said. "Therefore, to protect public health and safety, it only makes sense to put down an animal for testing, rather than risk relocating a potentially rabid animal, and to answer the question of whether any people were exposed to the rabies virus."
DuBrock said it is always wise to avoid wild animals and even unfamiliar domestic pets because of the potential rabies risk.
"Animals infected with rabies may not show obvious symptoms, but still may be able to transmit the disease," DuBrock said.
People can get rabies from the saliva of a rabid animal if they are bitten or scratched, or if the saliva gets into the person's eyes, mouth or a fresh wound. The last human rabies fatality in Pennsylvania was a 12?year?old Lycoming County boy who died in 1984.
Wildlife rehabilitators, who are licensed by the Game Commission, are the only ones who are permitted to care for injured or orphaned wildlife for the purposes of eventual release back into the wild. For those who find wildlife that truly is in need of assistance, a listing of licensed wildlife rehabilitators can be found on the Pennsylvania Association of Wildlife Rehabilitators website (www.pawr.com).
If you are unable to identify a wildlife rehabilitator in your area, contact the Game Commission region office that serves the county in which the animal is found so that you can be referred to the appropriate licensed wildlife rehabilitator. Region office contact information can be found on the agency's website (www.pgc.state.pa.us) by putting your cursor over "ABOUT US" in the menu bar in the banner at the top of the homepage, and then clicking on "Region Information" in the drop-down menu listing.