December is National HIV/AIDS Awareness Month. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus and AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Both destroys the immune system.
HIV is the first infection and AIDS is the last stage.
Transmission of the disease having unprotected sex, during pregnancy, childbirth, breast feeding, injection drug use, occupational exposure, blood transfusion, or an organ transplant.
Fluids are blood, semen, pre -seminal fluid(pre- cum), breast milk, vaginal fluids, and rectal (anal) mucous.
The first stage most people don't realize they have the virus and it might take up to 10 years before any signs and symptoms appear.
Early signs are fever, chills, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and ulcers in the mouth.
A total of 1.1 million people are living with HIV.
A total of 18.1 percent don't realize they are infected.
African-Americans have the most severe burden of HIV. Globally, 33.4 million people are living with HIV/AIDS and 25 million people have died since the virus/ disease was first detected in the 1980's. There are 50,000 new HIV cases each year. A total of 31 percent are between 25-34 years, 26 percent are between 13-24 years old.
Treatments are ATRIPLA, insentress, Truvada, Sustiva, Reyatay, Complera, Kaletra, Combivin, Tenofvir disoproxil, Epzicom, Prezista, Norvin.
HIV/ AIDS doesn't discriminate against anyone. There is no cure for either HIV or AIDS.
Submitted by Virtual Newsroom