Budget cram week starts with eye on saving Pennsylvania some cash
HARRISBURG — Pennsylvania’s budget cram week began Monday, as lawmakers unveiled a compromise spending plan that uses surplus dollars to spread around modest spending increases, hold the line on taxes and make a substantial deposit into a relatively bare budgetary reserve.
Votes in the Republican-controlled Legislature were expected later this week, as the fiscal year winds down and lawmakers prepare to leave Harrisburg for the summer.
The bill emerged from the House Appropriations Committee on a 27-9 vote, with every Republican in favor and Democrats split. Democrats who voted against it issued various criticisms, including its failure to include a minimum wage increase and the elimination of a Depression-era cash assistance program that temporarily provided $200 a month to people deemed unable to work.
Pennsylvania is in its strongest stretch of tax collections since the recession a decade ago, bringing temporary relief to a long string of tight budget years and deficits.
“What we’re facing right now with our increased revenues, we don’t know if it’s an anomaly or if it’s a trend, and if it’s an anomaly, we have to still be careful in our spending,” said Rep. George Dunbar, R-Westmoreland. “Although the wish list is great and we would like to do a whole lot more, we have accomplished a great deal in this budget.”
The $34 billion plan is similar to the $34.1 billion plan Democratic Gov. Tom Wolf floated in February. House Appropriations Committee Chairman Stan Saylor, R-York, said the package does not rely on any increases in fees or taxes.
All told, the package authorizes almost $2 billion in additional spending through the state’s main operations account, or 6% more than the spending lawmakers authorized last year, counting cost overruns in the current fiscal year.
Much of the extra spending covers new discretionary aid for public schools, plus extra amounts to meet rising costs for prisons, debt, pension obligations and health care for the poor. Public schools will receive $160 million more for general operations and instruction, a bump of almost 3%, while community colleges and state-subsidized universities, including Penn State, will each get another 2% in aid.
The Legislature will renew a $60 million school and community security grant program it began after last year’s mass shooting at a high school in Parkland, Florida. It was not clear Monday whether private schools would be included in the second year of grants.
Almost $300 million is slated for a deposit into the budgetary reserve, hitting on a key criticism of credit rating agencies that Pennsylvania lacks reserve cash.
Still, budget makers are using various cash maneuvers to veil the true cost of government operations, moving hundreds of millions of dollars in costs to outside accounts. Budget makers also have a recent history of low-balling spending estimates for health care services on the front end of the fiscal year, costs they must make up at the end of the fiscal year.
Lawmakers on Monday were continuing closed-door discussions to resolve a variety of budget-related disagreements.
One is Wolf’s request for $15 million to help counties cover the cost of new voting machines. Republicans have protested Wolf’s stated intent to decertify voting machines in use last year, while some lawmakers have asked for more cash, sooner, to help counties foot the bill.
Legislation with a package of changes to election laws was expected to be tied to cash for voting machines, but House Democrats last week protested a provision to eliminate the ballot option for voters to simply select a straight-party ticket in elections.