Time has been measured for at least 5,000 years

Here we are at the end of another year. I have already purchased a 2022 desk calendar and journal.

According to archeological evidence, the Babylonians and Egyptians began to measure time at least 5,000 years ago. Their calendars recorded the organizing and coordinating of communal activities and public events, scheduling of the shipment of goods, and, in particular, the regulating cycles of planting and harvesting.

Their calendars were based on three natural cycles:

• The solar day, marked by the successive periods of light and darkness as the Earth rotated on its axis

• The lunar month, followed the phases of the moon as it orbited the Earth

• The solar year, defined by the changing seasons that accompanied our planet’s revolution around the sun.

“This we know. The Earth does not belong to man; man belongs to the Earth. This we know. All things are connected like the blood, which unites one family. All things are connected. Whatever befalls the Earth befalls the sons of the Earth. Man did not weave the web of life; he is merely a strand in it. Whatever he does to the web, he does to himself.”

That quote is by Chief Seattle, a Suquamish and Duwamish chief in Washington in the mid-1800s.

Man is always trying to determine exactly when and how our world began and how old it is.

At first, man thought the world was flat and stationary. Then he discovered that the world was round and thought it was the center of the universe. Later, he discovered that everything revolves around the sun, including the Earth, which was spinning like a top.

Then, there was a theory that the sun threw off large rings of incandescent gas, which cooled and formed planets. Later, man learned this was not true. Then, man believed all heavenly bodies were formed by the meeting of two (or more) streams of cosmic dust, which produced a whirling motion around a center. The cooling systems were the beginning of planets that kept on whirling and gathering dust, and also believed the planets were compacted by contact with the resisting forces against which they revolved.

Presently, man has sent a space probe to the planet Jupiter and now must rethink all past theories on the creation. No matter what theory man comes up with, he will always come to a dead stop when facing the origin of matter.

All scientists agree that prior to life there was total darkness and no form. In Genesis, we read, “In the beginning, the Earth was without form and in darkness.” There are scientists that say when formed, the Earth contained intense heat, and while in this form, the Earth was plunged into extreme cold. Then, great clouds of steam lifted and formed a surrounding body of water around the Earth. This shut out all light, causing the world to be in total darkness.

Moses wrote in Genesis that the Almighty ordered that there should be light. Here again, some scientists agree that when the mass of water suspended above the Earth became too heavy, it fell back upon the Earth, dumping it into big pools that almost reached a boiling point. The pressure of the seas pushed some land masses up. As these land masses began to cool, they shrank and the depressions formed sea beds. The crust and seas cooled through an untold period of time, and with water vapor gone, light penetrated to the Earth.

Scientists say all animal life originated in the water and developed during an untold period of time before appearing on the land. This caused the environment to take on different forms.

Moses wrote, “The Almighty commanded the Earth to produce after its kind and the waters to bring forth abundance of life.”

Today, we dig into the bowels of the Earth and find petrified remains of prehistoric animals and birds — with teeth — that lived during a period we call the Jurassic period. In the Bible, Moses wrote about birds that did not have teeth. Some birds were not to be used for food and those birds were declared an abomination.

This brings us to the time element.

Moses lived 1,400 years before the birth of Jesus Christ. The Great Law Giver placed and recorded the time of the beginning of the world approximately 3,000 years before his age. However, in addressing the Almighty, Moses also wrote, “For a thousand years in thy sight are but as a yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.”

Later Peter wrote, “But, beloved be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and as a thousand years as one day.”

Of course, in the Bible, we read that God made the Earth in six days and rested on the seventh day. However, according to the time rate of Moses and Peter, the Earth may not yet be a week old in God’s time.

Long ago, time was either different or gauged differently than it is today. The oldest living person in today’s modern world lived to the age of 127 years. However in the Old Testament it was stated that Noah lived to be 950 years old, and Methuselah — the longest living person on Earth — lived to be 969 years old.

Man has always been trying to create a time system that will coincide exactly with nature. We have not been able to do this. All endings are beginnings, while all beginnings end and there is no end. The winter ice melts into water that reaches out toward the coming of spring. The March wind howls and time marches on.

When changing to a 2022 calendar take time to think about time.

Bill Bower is a retired Pennsylvania Game Commission Wildlife Officer. Read his blog and listen to his podcasts on the outdoors at www.onemaningreen.com.


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